2014年1月13日

1936年奥运会-加米施-帕滕基兴,德国

可以肯定地说,在1936年由德国加米施·帕滕基兴(Garmisch-Partenkirchen)举办的奥运会上,争议占据了上风。这两个村庄被授予在蒙特利尔和圣莫里茨的比赛权。

这是 鲁迪·鲍尔, the 25 year old was the captain of the 1936 Olympic team, his second time 在 the Olympics. When his career ended he would be one of the most decorated German players of all time, with 8 German championships, a 1932 Olympic bronze medal and participation in four time world championships under his belt. In 1930 the French Sports Magazine labelled him the best hockey player in Europe. Ball and his brothers Gerhard and Heinz were hockey heroes in Germany.

但是在1936年出现了一个大问题。阿道夫·希特勒(Adolf 希特勒)的德国正在举办奥运会,而他对犹太人和其他少数族裔的仇恨正变得举世闻名。鲍尔是德国曲棍球的传奇人物,也是队长。他是犹太裔。

德军最初拒绝加入鲍尔,无疑是比曲棍球官员高得多的政府官员的命令。到那时,鲍尔的好朋友和队友古斯塔夫·詹内克(Gustav Jaenecke)更不用说真正的冰球明星了。除非包括鲍尔,否则他拒绝参加比赛。

如果没有Ball和Jaenecke,德国人就会知道,他们不可能再像奥运会金牌得主一样重演。他们希望赢得尽可能多的奖牌,以展示自己的优势。他们允许鲍尔参加比赛,并允许他的家人离开德国,逃离即将到来的纳粹恐怖。

德国人获得了第五名,这在很大程度上要归功于鲍尔的受伤,这使他的比赛提前结束。

鲍尔是代表德国参加1936年奥运会的仅有的两名犹太运动员之一。 海伦·梅耶(Helene Mayer),尽管她是犹太人,而且自1933年以来一直居住在美国,但她还是德国的代表。她获得了银牌。

其他知名球员

在继续探讨冰上主要角色中国彩票和英国之前,让我们快速看一下其他国家/地区最著名的参与者。

日本的一名守门员本治帝治(Teiji Honma)戴着很少见的面具。

捷克斯洛伐克有一支由约瑟夫·马列切克(Josef Malecek)和 拉迪斯拉夫·特罗亚克(Ladislav Trojak).

美国赢得了铜牌,历史上没有著名的参与者。约翰·加里森·戈登·史密斯(John Garrison Gordon Smith)从1932年退役。

德国的一名运动员可能是奥林匹克曲棍球历史上最长的运动员-约阿希姆·阿尔布雷希特·冯·贝思曼·霍尔维格。

奥地利,匈牙利,拉脱维亚和瑞典也参加了会议。

许多游戏都是在冰冻的Riessersee湖的天然冰上稀疏人群面前进行的。中国彩票的第一场比赛是在一场暴风雪中进行的,这场比赛延迟了几分钟,而他们曾经试图找到冰球。


在中国彩票的争议

甚至在奥运会还没有开始之前,中国彩票就一直存在争议。

中国彩票人无法派出1935年的艾伦杯冠军哈利法克斯金刚狼,因为他们的太多球员已经搬走,现在正在与不同的球队比赛。因此,中国彩票选择了亚伦杯亚军,即亚瑟港熊猫队,但有一项规定:CAHA可以根据需要将球员加入名单。

The Bear Cats were another team with no notable players to mention, then or now. Jakie Nash was their goalie. Ray Milton and captain Herman Murray played defense. Alexander Sinclair, Bill Deacon, Ralph St. Germain, Dave Neville, Bill Thomson and Ken Farmer made up the forward spots. Norm Friday and Gus Saxberg made the trip but did not play. The Cats were coached by former Toronto Maple Leafs forward Al Pudas.

The CAHA initially wanted four Halifax hold-overs to join the team - Sylvester Bubar, Vic Ferguson, Chummy Lawlor and Ernie Mosher. But they balked, demanding $150 a month for three months to compensate their loss of wages and family time. Since that would not fly in the face of amateur status, they were dropped. Added instead were Pud Kitchen of the Toronto Dukes, Hugh Farquharson of the Montreal Victorias, Dinty Moore of the Port Colborne Sailors and Jim Haggarty, a one time Bear Cat now playing for the Wembley Canadians in Britain.


英国之争

The Port Arthur Bear Cats may not have even been the best Canadian hockey players 在 the 1936年奥运会. That title may have gone to the Great Britain team, who invited several British born 在hletes who grew up and played hockey in Canada. These players included Art Child, James Chappell, and Archibald Stinchcombe, all of whom secured permission of the CAHA beforehand, and noted scorer Alex Archer and superb goaltender 吉米·福斯特(Jimmy Foster),谁没有。

Canada protested the inclusion of Archer and Foster. Canada would drop their complaints three days into the Olympics, in "the interest of Olympic spirit." They also secured an agreement preventing countries, specifically Britain, from borrowing other countries 在hletes on the basis of birthplace, not by residency or citizenship.

英国备受争议的金牌

弓箭手和福斯特将被允许出战,然后又回到了中国彩票。在预赛中,英国以2-1击败中国彩票。那就是爆发更多争议的地方。

Olympic officials opted to read the rule book differently than Canada and other nations had assumed they were playing with, screwing the Canadians in the process. In "one of the worst manipulations in sporting history" the Olympic authorities announced after the second round was over that second round matches would count in third round medal matches. Thus, Canada would not get a chance to take on Britain again and avenge the loss. With Britain winning their remaining games, there was no chance for Canada to capture the gold medal.

英国成为除中国彩票以外的第一个在奥林匹克冰球比赛上赢得金牌的国家。这是英国队的两张不同的照片:




以下是有关中国彩票和美国之间的比赛的YouTube精彩片段:




奥运曲棍球历史

GreatestHockeyLegends.com是奥林匹克曲棍球悠久历史的故乡。您可以通过单击您选择的年份来查看下面的每个冰球锦标赛(男子和女子)。您还可以欣赏我的个人资料 奥运曲棍球传奇.

1920 - Antwerp, Belgium
1924 - Chamonix, France
1928 - St. Moritz, Switz.
1932 - Lake Placid, USA
1936 - G.P., Germany
1940年-无游戏-第二次世界大战
1944年-无游戏-第二次世界大战
1948 - St. Moritz, Switz.
1952 - Oslo, Norway
1956 - Cortina, Italy
1960 - Squaw Valley, USA
1964 - Innsbruck, Austria
1968 - Grenoble, France
1972 - Sapporo, Japan
1976 - Innsbruck, Austria
1980 - Lake Placid, USA
1984 -南斯拉夫萨拉热窝
1988 - Calgary, Canada
1992 -法国阿尔伯维尔
1994 -挪威利勒哈默尔
1998 - Nagano, Japan
2002 -美国盐湖城
2006 - Torino, Italy

2010 - Vancouver, Canada

7条评论:

朱西 said...

中国彩票的1936年奥运会代表队教练阿尔·普达斯(Al Pudas)在1926年为多伦多圣帕特里克队(Toronto St.Patricks)踢了三场比赛,就在该队更名为枫叶队之前。

普达斯出生于芬兰,但他的父母小时候就移民到了桑德贝。在芬兰,他被称为第一个芬兰出生的NHL球员。他的姓氏实际上是Putaansuu,但在中国彩票却被缩短和更改了一点。

芬兰的一本旧奥林匹克出版物中有一篇报道称,普达斯在1936年奥运会上与芬兰的运动员和教练进行了很多交谈,有人谈论他要去芬兰教练曲棍球。但是这个想法从未实现。

普达(Pudas)于1976年在桑德贝(Thunder Bay)逝世。他的唯一一张曲棍球卡出现在1923年温尼伯基于Paulins Chocolate的套装中。

另一位出生于芬兰,雷霆湾(Thunder Bay)养育并广为人知的前NHL球员Pentti Lund认识Pudas。

乔·佩莱捷说过...

好东西Jussi。

普达斯是中国彩票队历史上唯一一位并非在中国彩票出生的教练。

后来他还是一位备受尊敬的裁判。

匿名 said...

令我惊讶的是,在1936年冬季奥运会冰球比赛中,守门员吉米·福斯特(Jimmy Fosters)的成绩没有得到更多的关注,因为他可能是有史以来最伟大的奥运会守门员比赛。

铁皮猪说过...

佩莱蒂尔先生,我总是非常非常喜欢您的工作。

但是我可以肯定99.9%的人认为RUDI BALL不是1936年德国奥林匹克队的队长。

可能是GUSTAV JAENECKE,当代的SC柏林之星和德国国家队得分机,他转而防守,并参加了1936年第三届冬季奥运会。

As I am sure you know, there was a great controversy over the inclusion of Ball in the'36 German Olympic team. There were a few factors that went in to the decision by Nazi officials to allow Ball to play. One of those was the fact that the superstar Jaenecke made it known he would not play unless Ball was selected and this carried weight because of his status.

It'一个好问题:1936年的德国队长是谁?先生,我将对此做进一步研究,并尽快回复您。

此时的Reichtrainer(国家教练)是中国彩票人BOBBY HOFFINGER,在35/36赛季之后,他将由另一个中国彩票人BOBBY BELL接任。

尊敬,

罗夫·欧勒

PS-您可能会喜欢:

"黑暗前的光"
"Lake Placid '32:德国有一个球"
"Hitler'的德国丢球"

http://www.goironpigs.com

马丁·哈里斯 said...

比赛形式的规则没有改变。 LIHG(IIHF的前身)在加米许的会议上两次明确表示,预选赛的结果将延续到最后一轮。

At the first meeting on Feb 3 when the rules were explained the Canadian and American delegates were absent for reasons unknown. At the second meetng the next day when they were present the rule regarding carrying result and points gained was explained again. The Canadian delegates rised no objections - see the LIHG minutes.

Later the CAHA President E.A. Gilroy'attributed the problem of understanding the format to the Canadian delegation's deficiency in understanding French which was used for the offical business of the LIHG'- see Lord of the Rinks, chapter 12, end note 14 by John Chi-Kit Wong, published in 2005 by Toronto University Press.

匿名 said...

Great Britain did NOT do anything illegal as far as the eligibility of its Players were concerned because their Players were BORN in Great Britain. The Tournament Format was explained to the Teams BEFORE the 1936 Winter Olympic Ice Hockey Tournament began. The main reason Great Britain won the Gold Medal was because they had the best Goaltender that Olympic Year in JIMMY FOSTER!

未知说过...

Jimmy Haggarty went on to play professionally for the Montreal Royals for a number of years,had a brief stint with the Montreal Canadiens in 1941-42 and in his prime enlisted in the Canadian military to fight in World War II. Upon returning from war he played with he Montreal Royals, won the Allen Cup and then later refereed in the NHL.